In national elections in the United States the President is officially chosen by a. Use negatively stated stems sparingly. Which of the following is not cited as an accomplishment of the Kennedy administration? Which of the following is NOT cited as an accomplishment of the Kennedy administration? Item Alternatives. Make all alternatives plausible and attractive to the less knowledgeable or skillful student. What process is most nearly the opposite of photosynthesis?
Make the alternatives grammatically parallel with each other, and consistent with the stem.
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What would do most to advance the application of atomic discoveries to medicine? Remove the restriction on the use of radioactive substances. Establishing hospitals staffed by highly trained radioactive therapy specialists. Development of standardized techniques for treatment of patients. Training of the average doctor in application of radioactive treatments.
Removal of restriction on the use of radioactive substances. Addition of trained radioactive therapy specialists to hospital staffs.
Multiple choice exams
Make the alternatives mutually exclusive. The daily minimum required amount of milk that a 10 year old child should drink is a. What is the daily minimum required amount of milk a 10 year old child should drink? Be sure there is only one correct or best response to the item. The two most desired characteristics in a classroom test are validity and a. Make alternatives approximately equal in length.
What is the most general cause of low individual incomes in the United States? A lack of valuable productive services to sell. The population's overall unwillingness to work. The nation's increased reliance on automation.
- Rule #2: Use simple sentence structure and precise wording.
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Undesirable: grammatical clue. Undesirable: verbal association clue. The reliability of a test can be estimated by a coefficient of: a. Undesirable: connection between stem and answer clue. The height to which a water dam is built depends on a. Table of Contents True-False Test Items A true-false item can be written in one of three forms: simple, complex, or compound. Answers can consist of only two choices simple , more than two choices complex , or two choices plus a conditional completion response compound.
The acquisition of morality is a developmental process. Express the item statement as simply and as clearly as possible. Express a single idea in each test item. The second principle of education is that the individual gathers knowledge. For every action there is an opposite and equal reaction.
Avoid using negatively stated item statements. The Supreme Court is not composed of nine justices. Avoid the use of unfamiliar vocabulary. According to some politicians, the raison d'etre for capital punishment is retribution.
NBME Item Writing
The Arctic and Antarctic regions are sparsely populated. Plants have no nervous system. Large coal beds exist in Alaska. There have been profound changes in the climate on earth. Coordination and integration of action is generally slower in plants than in animals. All life comes from life and produces its own kind of living organisms. Use only homogeneous material in matching items. Directions: Match the following. Year of the 1st Nuclear Fission by Man. Column I. Column II. Hunting for reasons to support one's beliefs. Attributing to others one's own unacceptable impulses, thoughts and desires.
Ignoring disagreeable situations, topics, sights. Avoid grammatical or other clues to the correct response. Directions: Match the following in order to complete the sentences on the left. The formation of coal requires. Keep matching items brief, limiting the list of stimuli to under Table of Contents Completion Test Items The completion item requires the student to answer a question or to finish an incomplete statement by filling in a blank with the correct word or phrase. Limitations In Using Completion Items Completion items are difficult to construct so that the desired response is clearly indicated.
Omit only significant words from the statement.
Every atom has a central core called a nucleus. Every atom has a central core called a n nucleus. Do not omit so many words from the statement that the intended meaning is lost. Most of the United States' libraries are organized according to the Dewey decimal system. Be sure there is only one correct response. Trees which shed their leaves annually are seed-bearing, common. Trees which shed their leaves annually are called deciduous. Make the blanks of equal length. In Greek mythology, Vulcan was the son of Jupiter and Juno. The molecular weight of KClO3 is Avoid lifting statements directly from the text, lecture or other sources.
Test question types
Prepare essay items that elicit the type of behavior you want to measure. Learning Objective:. The student will be able to explain how the normal curve serves as a statistical model. Describe a normal curve in terms of: symmetry, modality, kurtosis and skewness. Phrase each item so that the student's task is clearly indicated. Discuss the economic factors which led to the stock market crash of Indicate for each item a point value or weight and an estimated time limit for answering.
Salaries are based on demand relative to supply of such services.
Ball clubs have a high demand for excellent players. Read and grade all class answers to one item before going on to the next item. When possible, ask another instructor to read and grade your students' responses. Clearly identify and explain the problem.
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