The Electoral College is supposed to make the system of voting fair and representative of all the people in the nation, but it fails to do that job. This is quite unfair to all large states that have a huge population. The Electoral College system is choosing the smaller states over them because they feel they need to be protected. The smallness of a state should not be considered if the system delegates an equal number of electors to each state.
It is also easy to see which states have the highest number of electors. This is not based on the size or. File:State population per electoral vote. In , California had a total of fifty-five electoral votes for is population of 34 million people, but Wyoming who has a population of 50 million people was only given three electoral votes. The difference in the two states population and electoral power is clearly unfair to the people. The winner take all system basically means exactly what it says. The candidate who receives the majority of the votes is the winner of the election; therefore, the people who disagree with the majority of their state will not be represented.
Although this system of voting is great for ensuring the popular candidate wins the election, it frequently underrepresents the minority. This becomes a major issue in the elections that will have a large effect on the United States because people want to feel that they are having a say in who leads our country. The winner take all system also discourages candidates from campaigning in every state. This is unfair to states because it bluntly leaves them out of the presidential campaigning. Each state is supposed to be equally involved in the election, but they are not because of the Electoral College.
Lastly, this system also allows a candidate, who does not have the popular vote, to win the election. If candidate A gets the vote from the majority of the states, but those states are ones with a small elector number while the candidate B wins over the biggest elector states then that candidate B will win the election.
This situation has occurred several times in our nation. In , Rutherford B. Hayes lost the popular vote to Samuel J. Tilden by ,, but he won in the electoral vote by one making him the next president. In , Benjamin Harrison lost the popular vote by more than 90, votes, but he won by sixty-five votes in the Electoral College which made him the winner of that election. In , George W. Bush won the presidential election by five electoral votes, but lost to Al Gore in the popular vote by , votes. This instance made it hard for the people of the nation to feel that they actually had a say in the presidential election.
Their popular vote was being discarded because of this Electoral College system. If a state has a majority of Democratic voters then the Republicans do not have a chance in winning the electoral vote for their state. Electoral College: Who are the Electors? How do They Vote? In other words, the minority in a state is not being represented and there is not anything they can do about it.
One reason why the U. This system makes it very difficult if not impossible for any other smaller parties to emerge and win the popular vote. If the government eventually decides to abolish the Electoral College, the small parties that have grown over the years will emerge quickly.
Abolishing the Electoral College to Empower the Majority | Ultius
This could be an issue that affects the U. This is a major reason it has not been abolished because people are afraid of what the results will be in the next election. It could lead to no majority vote because of all the small parties, but it could also lead to great results and an improvement this country desperately needed. The Electoral College is a system that has been with this country for many, many generations and just like anything it has its pros and cons. The system was wonderful when it was first created because the people of the U.
People were able to decide which party they represented and would just vote for the candidate that represented them, but that does not mean it was a good choice.
They might vote for the candidate of their party, but he could turn out to be a terrible president. The Electoral College was great in this way because electors knew which candidates were going to best represent the country and could then give this information to the people. People could trust electors to guide them to the right vote. The Electoral College also had intentions to make their system fair to all states.
They would make sure the candidates campaigned to every state including the ones with the smallest population. At the time this sounded great because obviously candidates are not going to give all their time if any to the small states. As the U. Candidates running for president knew which state would vote for them as well as which state had the most electoral power. This resulted in candidates focusing their attention on the states they needed most and less on the states that had hardly any electoral votes or were guaranteed to vote for them.
Essays on Electoral College
The states candidates pay attention to are what we call swing states. Swing states never have a set party or candidate they will vote for, so the nominees running will do everything they can to win them over. This leaves out all the states who already have an assured vote and the ones who have hardly any electoral votes. Over time, the Electoral College has created the same problem it tried to fix when it was established. The system also used the winner take all system, which would ensure the candidate with the majority of votes to win the election.
The Electoral College Should Be Abolished
This was another reason it was going to be a good addition to the elections. The winner take all method is still a great one today, but people have that it does not represent the minority in each state. A state that has a majority of republicans and a minority of democrats then the democrats in that state are not going to be represented. Nowak, and J. Nelson Young. Treatise on Constitutional Law: Substance and Procedure. Paul, Minn. Discusses elections in which the electoral college was deadlocked and were resolved by the House of Representatives.
Washington: U. Government Printing Office, Covers the selection of presidential electors, provides summaries and tables, and cites to codes and constitutions. Wilmerding, Lucius. New Brunswick, N. Provides an historical survey of the presidential selection system, critiques the system, and explains reform proposals.
Argues that the electoral college is important for preserving separate state identities and for maintaining state authority. Colantoni, Claude S. Levesque, and Peter C. Argues that the electoral college biases presidential campaign allocations in favor of big states. Congressional Research Service. American Law Division. Davis, Charles H. Galvin, Thomas. Garand, James, and T. Wayne Parent. Presidential Elections, Observes that the electoral college had been dominated by a majoritarian representational form, with popular vote winners usually capturing a substantially higher proportion of the electoral college vote than would be suggested by the popular vote proportion.
Argues that, contrary to the conventional wisdom of a Republican bias, the electoral college has had a Democratic partisan bias, particularly in the post-World War II era. Goetz, Charles J. Huckabee, David C. Jillson, Calvin C. Argues that the electoral college has functioned in a manner unanticipated by the framers of the Constitution. Believes that the electoral college has been relatively successful. Kroke, David, and Henry Constance. Believes that the electoral college currently underrepresents rural influence in presidential elections, although various alternatives tend to discriminate in reverse.
Foresees diminishing political differences between rural and urban populations. Lenzner, Steven. Longley, Lawrence D. Explains how the electoral college has functioned, objections to it, and proposed reforms. New Orleans, Louisiana, September , Marshman, D.
sihelsolali.tk Nelson, Michael C. Presents a method for measuring the presence and extent of bias in the electoral college. Bias is based in the different distributions of party support among states, and would determine the victor when the major party presidential candidates divided the national popular vote almost evenly between them, as in Since , the bias has consistently been pro-Democratic.
Omdahl, Lloyd B. Believes that blacks are best served by the electoral college. The current electoral college system requires urban masses and block groups within those groups to win elections. Contends that state census figures for indicated substantial growth in Republican strongholds at the expense of Democratic bastions, making electing a Democratic President more difficult.
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